Skip to content

Revelation 12

 

The last five verses of chapter 11 dealt with an outline and brief allusions to the events that will take place during the “third woe” or seventh trumpet which are all seven of  the seven last plagues. They are called “last” because several preceding post probationary events will take place during the previous six trumpet scenarios. The last part of the sixth trumpet (or “second woe) is depicted in verses 8-13 of chapter 11.

So, it would be completely reasonable to expect chapter 12 to continue on with things that will take place sometime after the seven last plagues have been poured out. But, such is not the case.  This chapter begins with a metaphor representing God’s church then a spectacular outline of the great controversy between Christ and Satan that began during prehistoric times. Nevertheless, we will find several parallels in this chapter to that of chapter 11, ending with a scenario that has very much to do with some of the end time events that chapter 11 concluded with.

So, lets begin our study of chapter 12.

Verse 1: And there appeared a great wonder in heaven; a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars:

This “wonder,” or “miracle” or “an unusual occurrence” [1]  is “a great wonder” from the perspective of the heavenly occupants who are observing what is transpiring on the earth.

They witness the terrrible struggles the “woman” has to endure. Heaven seems amazed she is able to survive. The secret of her strength is represented by what she is standing on and what she is wearing.  The “moon” represents the Old Testament and the “sun” the glories of the New Testament. [2] They are the same “two witnesses” metaphors depicted in Revelation 11:3. Her “crown” or “wreath of victory” [3] decorated with “twelve stars” represents “either the 12 patriarchs, the 12 apostles or both.”

The Commentary adds that “. . . at the same time, the picture of 12 tribes is also carried over into the NT church” [4] as we see in Revelation 7:4-8, namely the twelve tribes expanded to 144,000.

The first “woman” we encountered was “that woman Jezebel” (Revelation 2:20). She had passed away centuries ago when Jehu ordered her thrown out the window (see 2 Kings 9:30-33). So John used her name to represent a church contaminated by the same pagan influence queen Jezebel espoused so many years before. It is not illogical to assume her influence is pervasive in the “synagogue of Satan” depicted in Revelation 2:9 and 3:9.

The good “woman,” in this case, being crowned with an emblem representing moral conquest (the exact opposite of Jezebel who advocated moral acquiescence), standing on and being clothed with the Old and New Testaments, must represent the church triumphant that goes forth to victory.  She must be a parallel to “the holy city” that is “tread under foot” in Revelation 11:2.

So it is not difficult at all to see this “woman clothed with the sun” as a distinct parallel to the “holy city” of Revelation 11:2 that was “tread under foot” as in this illustration shows.

Verse 2: And she being with child cried, travailing in birth, and pained to be delivered.

According to verse 5, the “child” she bears is Jesus Christ. Therefore, the “woman” not only represents the church triumphant, but also the Christian Church that emerged when Christ was either born in 4 B.C., or when He entered into His public ministry in 27 A.D. when He was baptized by John in the river Jordan (see Matthew 3:13-17).

But, what is represented by her “travail?” It must be something more than Mary’s birth pangs!

According to the prophet Isaiah regarding the future of Zion: “Before she travailed, she brought forth; before her pain came, she was delivered of a man child” (Isaiah 66:7). He goes on to exclaim in verse 8: “Who hath heard such a thing? who hath seen such things? Shall the earth be made to bring forth in one day? or shall a nation be born at once? for as soon as Zion travailed, she brought forth her children.”

That amazing prophecy seems to be the focus of this quote: “Converted Jews are to have an important part to act in the great preparations to be made in the future to receive Christ, our Prince. A nation shall be born in a day. How? By men whom God has appointed being converted to the truth. There will be seen ‘first the blade, then the ear, after that the full corn in the ear.’ The predictions of prophecy will be fulfilled.” [5]

What “nation” could this be? It must be the “great multitude, which no man could number, of all nations” who “came out of [the] great tribulation” in Revelation 7:9 and 14. That great, last day movement will be initiated by the “two witness” who receive their “power” from “the two olive trees” empowering the “two candlesticks” (Revelation 11:3,4) to enlighten the whole world!

So, that sequence of events moves the travail of the women into time beyond the birth of Christ, to the birth of  a future “nation” that will materialize on only “a day [yowme]!”

Verse 3: And there appeared another wonder in heaven; and behold a great red dragon, having seven heads and ten horns, and seven crowns upon his heads.

This “great red dragon” represents a person formerly named “Lucifer, son of the morning” (Isaiah 14:12) who fell “from heaven.” The same person is represented (during the future, post probationary time of the “bottomless pit”) by “a great star [that] fell from heaven” named “Wormwood” (in Revelation 8:10, 11), and also the “star [that] fell from heaven” named “Abaddon” or “Apollyon” (Revelation 9:1,11).

Keep in mind that this is “another wonder” from the perspective of heaven’s occupants. Evidently, they are aghast at what they behold even though some 4,000 years had elapsed since this beast had been “cast out” (see verse 9). He must have become likened to a cruel “dragon” in their minds especially after having witnessed the murder of the child at the hands of Lucifer. To the heavenly onlookers, who once “delighted to execute his commands,” [6] he has now become a “monster” instead of the person they once respected and looked up to.

Notice his “red color” indicative of his “role of persecutor and destroyer. It has been his studied purpose to destroy the children of the Most High.” [7] The same thought pertains to the “horse that was red” in Revelation 6:4 who “went out . . . to take peace from the earth, and that they should kill one another” and who make up the congregation of the “the synagogue of Satan” of Revelation 2:9 and 3:9.

But, why “seven heads and ten horns?” The book of Daniel is the only other place in the Bible that depicts “ten horns.” They are seen on the single head of the “fourth beast” (Daniel 7:7, 19) three of which were “plucked up by the roots” when “another little horn” “came up among them” (Daniel 7:8, 24). That left a balance of only eight “horns.”

But, this “dragon” has a full quota of “ten horns.” Furthermore, they are situated on “seven heads” with “seven crowns [8] upon” them! Therefore, the “seven heads” must represent the “seven kings” that John alludes to later on in Revelation 13:1 and 17:9, 10. He has even more to say about the “ten horns” which are also “ten kings” in Revelation 17:12.

Verse 4: And his tail drew the third part of the stars of heaven, and did cast them to the earth: and the dragon stood before the woman which was ready to be delivered, for to devour her child as soon as it was born.

Note the conjunction, in this verse, of the crime Satan committed during prehistoric time with his diabolic intent to avenge himself upon the One who cast him out of heaven in the first place. Then, incredibly, the One that cast him out allows Himself to become subject to the dragon when He came to earth as this helpless, human “child!”

So, from all appearance, from the perspective of the angels in heaven,  the dragon’s success seemed assured. His intent was to frustrate the purpose of heaven and become the undisputed ruler of the world, and eventually of the universe. Everything in his plan depended upon the moral defeat of  this “child” (the “seed” of the “woman” in Genesis 3:15) by enticing Him to disobey God’s law. Nothing else really mattered.

Although the dragon’s “tail” extends behind its “heads,” its movements are controlled by input from the heads. That thought takes us back into prehistory where no record exists in the annals of human history of how Satan worked to marshall his army of rebellion. It took place in heaven, and must have been ongoing for centuries (or millennia?)  even before the world was created.

So, the “tail” well represents the sly innuendos and intrigues Satan employed to instigate a heavenly civil war. More marvelous yet, he was able to do this even while appearing loyal. He uses the same technique on earth to establish “the synagogue of Satan” whose adherents “say they are Jews, and are not, but do lie” (Revelation 2:9, 3:9). They espouse “a way that seemeth right unto a man, but the end thereof are the ways of death” (Proverbs 16:25).

This is the last time in the book of Revelation, that a “third part” is mentioned. All fourteen references pertain to a fraction of something that Satan, not God, selects for destruction, contamination or degradation. Previously, it was “the third part of trees . . . third part of the sea . . . third part of the creatures . . . in the sea . . . third part of the ships . . . third part of the rivers [and] fountains of waters . . . the third part of the waters . . . third part of the sun . . . third part of the moon . . . third part of the stars . . . third part of . . . the day . . . third part [of] the night . . . the third part of men” in Revelation 8:7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12; 9:15, and 18. Now, in this verse it was “the third part of the stars of heaven.”

The meaning of a “star” or “stars” in the book of Revelation, depends very much on the context. The “seven stars” in chapters 1, 2 and 3 represent the human leaders of the seven churches. The “morning star” in Revelation 2:28 and 22:16 represent Christ Himself while the fallen star in Revelation 8:10, 11 and 9:1 represent Satan. The “stars” in Revelation 6:13 are actually small meteors  that fell from the sky. In Revelation 8:12 they seem to be part of another celestial display. The context of the “twelve stars” in Revelation 12:1 suggest them to be representative of God’s human servants.

So, what does the context [9], that depicts the dragon selecting heavenly “stars” and throwing them down on the earth,  suggest in this verse? Note again the Satan is represented by a fallen “star” in Revelation 8:10, 11 and 9:1. Therefore, it is reasonable to assume these “stars (plural)” are representative of the angelic host who rebelled with the dragon.

Now, after depicting the dragon’s rebellion in heaven, it is seen standing before the pregnant “woman” preparing “to devour her child as soon as it was born.”  This suggests it had accurate foreknowledge enabling it to anticipate the greatest event that has ever happened during the dark history of our world, the birth of the Messiah.

His first clue was given in the garden of Eden when Jesus told the serpent “I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed ant her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel (Genesis 3:15).” Ever since that time the serpent had been very protective of his “head.” Perhaps that is why he developed “seven” of them thinking the loss of one would be relatively harmless.

During the succeeding 4,000 years, the dragon carefully analyzed every forthcoming prophecy [10] from God’s servants the prophets in order to gain a more precise understanding of Jesus’ first coming. He knew that his “head” would surely be “bruised.” Since their are several meanings of the word “bruise” including “crush, gape upon, desire, strike out, to gape, snap at, to overwhelm, cover”[11] or “fall upon,” he probably hoped it would not be fatal and, if he were clever enough, be able to survive forever.

From his study of Daniel, particularly chapter 9, he became very familiar with the time prophecies and specifically set about to disrupt God’s chosen nation of Israel. He successfully eliminated ten of its twelve tribes before Messiah was born. But, two of them, even after being subjected to Babylonian captivity for seventy years, slipped through his fingers to fulfill God’s purpose. But, the dragon did not relax. He intensified his efforts to distort the thinking of the leaders of the Jewish nation so that they would not be ready to receive the “child as soon as it was born.” He also employed the Roman king, Herod by name, to “seek the young child to destroy him” (Matthew 2:13).

Lets pause for a moment and categorize the character and behavior of the men, in terms of the animal symbols found in Revelation. All these men played important parts in that crucial scenario. They all fall under one or the other of the four horses of the Apocalypse found in Revelation 6:2-8. Quite likely, Joseph and Mary, including the “wise men from the east” (Matthew 2:1) could be symbolized by the “white horse.” The “chief priests and scribes of the people” (Matthew 2:4) are likely represented by the “horse that was red.” Perhaps the simple “shepherds abiding in the field, keeping watch over their flock by night” (Luke 2:8) could come under the motionless “black horse” while Herod’s treacherous behavior is likely typified by the “pale horse” whose rider is named “Death, and Hell followed with him.”

And so, in spite of the dragon’s acute awareness of the child’s coming, Satan was able to engineer a pervasive indifference toward that event even amongst God’s chosen people. Not so with the loyal angels: “With amazement the heavenly messengers beheld the indifference of that people whom God had called to communicate to the world the light of sacred truth. The Jewish nation had been preserved as a witness that Christ was to be born of the seed of Abraham and of David’s line; yet they knew not that His coming was now at hand. In the temple the morning and the evening sacrifice daily pointed to the Lamb of God; yet even here was no preparation to receive Him. The priests and teachers of the nation knew not that the greatest event of the ages was about to take place. They rehearsed their meaningless prayers, and performed the rites of worship to be seen by men, but in their strife for riches and worldly honor they were not prepared for the revelation of the Messiah. The same indifference pervaded the land of Israel. Hearts selfish and world-engrossed were untouched by the joy that thrilled all heaven. Only a few were longing to behold the Unseen. To these heaven’s embassy was sent.”[12]

The same sentiment applies to our world today. Even our church, depicted as “the church of the Laodiceans,” is smugly complacent thinking ourselves “rich, and increased with [spiritual as well as material] goods, and have need of nothing” (Revelation 3:17).

Verse 5: And she brought forth a man child, who was to rule all nations with a rod of iron: and her child was caught up unto God, and to his throne.

This verse parallels many aspects of chapter 11 and even two verses in chapter 2 and two in chapter 20 and one in chapter 3. Also, it spans the entire earthly life of Christ from the time He was “brought fourth” in 4 B.C., to the time He was “caught up unto God, and to his throne” in 31 A.D. His destiny was “to rule all nations with a rod of iron,” [13] which begins when “the seventh angel sounded; and . . . The kingdoms of this world [became] the kingdoms of our Lord, and of his Christ; and he shall reign for ever and ever” as noted in Revelation 11:15.

So, the manifestation of His “iron” rule will be marked by the “seven last plagues” delineated as the “seventh angel and the “third woe” in Revelation 11:14, 15. Then “The kingdoms of this world [will] become the kingdoms of our Lord . . . because [He took to Himself His] great power, and” and reigned as king (Revelation 11:17) instead of Satan who reigned during the first six trumpet scenarios depicted in Revelation 8:7 to 9:21 and 11:7-13.

Even though taking to Himself His great power made “the nations . . . angry” (Revelation 11:18)  it did not delay “the time of the dead, that they should be judged” during the “thousand years” mentioned in Revelation 20.

Interestingly, this is the same “rod of iron” promised “he that overcometh, and keepeth my works unto the end (Revelation 2:26),” not in this life, but in the life to come when John “saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them . . . and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years (Revelation 20:4)” during the millennial assessory judgment, making the overcomers co rulers with Christ the Messiah in heaven.

Finally, Christ alone will again “smite the nations . . . with a rod of iron” during the last part of the pre millennial judgment depicted in Revelation 19:15.

In the meantime, during His priestly ministry in the heavenly sanctuary since He was “caught up” or raptured “unto God, and to his throne,” He promises “To him that overcometh will I grant to sit with me in my throne, even as I also overcame, and am set down with my Father in his throne” in Revelation 3:21.

Verse 6: And the woman fled into the wilderness, where she hath a place prepared of God, that they should feed her there a thousand two hundred and threescore days.

Note the parallel of the “thousand two hundred and threescore days” to Rev.11:3 where the “two witnesses” prophesied “a thousand two hundred and threescore days, clothed in sackcloth.” The word “days” in both verses are from the same Greek word “hemera” indicating a time of trouble when the church militant was converted into the church triumphant called “the holy city.” But, in this case, it must be the historic dark age that is being referred to because it follows closely with Jesus’ ascension into heaven in verse 5.

So, in spite of the many references to the future paradigm in verse 5, this verse, retrospectively, takes us back in time when “the woman,” also represented as “the holy city” in Revelation 11:2 who was “tread under foot forty and two months” is likewise seen to flee “into the wilderness . . . a place [that was] prepared of God” to be a refuge for the true church during the Dark age of history from 538 to 1798 A.D. That scenario began five hundred and seven years[14] after the “man child . . . was caught up unto God, and to his throne.”

During the intervening period between 31 A.D. and 538 A.D., it was anything but easy for the true church because it also suffered severely under “the feet” of the “fourth beast” representing pagan Rome of Daniel 7:7 that the “great red dragon” employed to persecute God’s people.[15]

Nevertheless, difficulties for God’s church became even greater after the fall of Rome. It was the “little horn” power that wore “out the saints of the most High (Daniel 7:25)” instead of the “fourth beast.” The parallel to the “little horn” is depicted in Revelation 13.

In that scenario, we see the pale horse (Revelation 6:8) representing pagan Rome[16], giving place to the red horse (Revelation 6:4) typifying the character and behavior of papal Rome which was far more effective in doing battle with Christianity (represented by the white horse of Revelation 6:2 that “went forth conquering and to conquer”) than Satan could ever hope to accomplish with pagan Rome [17]. Consequently, the dragon’s failure to destroy the church, must be the reason God omits any symbolism relating to pagan Rome and skips ahead to the depredations of papal Rome during the 1260 years of the historic dark age.

This time period, of “a thousand two hundred and threescore days,” is identical to the “”forty and two months” and “a thousand two hundred and threescore days” of Revelation 11:2, 3, “a time and times and the dividing of time” of Daniel 7:25, and “a time, times, and an half” of Daniel 12:7.

As we learned in our study of the book of Daniel, the “time and times and the dividing of time” of Daniel 7:25 relates to the 1260 years of the historic Dark Age because of its contextual relationship to “the judgment” depicted in verse 26 after the horn power wore out “the saints of the most High” for “a time and times and the dividing of time.” It is calculated in prophetic time as 1260 literal years. In other words, the “time and times and the dividing of time” took place prior to 1844 when “the judgment [was] set.

But, the context is different in Daniel 12:7. It is associated with the time when “Michael [will] stand up” (verse 1) at the end of the same judgment that began in Daniel 7:26 (or, for that matter in Daniel 7:9, 10, 13). Note also that the “little horn” power (represented by the “vile person” in Daniel 11:21-45) will have “accomplished the scatter the power of the holy people” when “all [the] things” Gabriel spoke of in Daniel 11:30-45 “shall be finished.”

The same double application of the 1260 is seen in Revelation 11:2,3. The 1260 will be seen again in verse 14 of this chapter and yet again in chapter 13 which brings the total number of times it is depicted to nine if we include the two brought to view by cutting the final “week” of Daniel 9:27 in half.[18] Consequently we should feel compelled to ask “what is the great consequence of this frequently mentioned time period?”[19] By now, it should be readily apparent. It has consequence to the past dark age in prophetic time and to the future, but in indefinite, literal time.

Verse 7: And there was war in heaven: Michael and his angels fought against the dragon; and the dragon fought and his angels,

The date for this event is unknown, but it took place long before the woman fled into the wilderness” in the sixth century AD or even when “man child”” was “brought forth” at the beginning of the Christian era!

In fact, it occurred sometime before Eve found herself standing before the “tree of knowledge of good and evil” listening to the sly insinuations of the serpent in Genesis 3:1-7. So, this verse takes us backwards in time from the Dark age of history depicted in verse 6, into prehistoric time! This “war” marking the beginning of the conflict between Christ and Satan on earth, has by now lasted more than 6,00 years. But, its end is brought to view by the coming “rule” of the “man child” in verse 5 and the “third woe” of Revelation 11:14-19.

Just how long this “war” lasted we have no way of knowing, but it could have began thousands, even millions of years ago. The dragon began his recruiting program long before actual “war” broke out because God, “In great mercy, according to His divine character . . . bore long with Lucifer” now called “the dragon.”

Originally, such a “spirit of discontent and disaffection had never before been known in heaven. It was a new element, strange, mysterious, unaccountable. . . . for a time he had feared to express the workings and imaginings of his mind; yet he did not dismiss them. He did not see whither he was drifting. But such efforts as infinite love and wisdom only could devise, were made to convince him of his error. . . . Lucifer was convinced that he was in the wrong. . .  He had not at that time fully cast off his allegiance to God. Though he had left his position as covering cherub, yet if he had been willing to return to God, . . . he would have been reinstated in his office. The time had come for a final decision; he must fully yield to the divine sovereignty or place himself in open rebellion. He nearly reached the decision to return, but pride forbade him. . .  Great numbers of the angels signified their purpose to accept him as their leader. Flattered by the favor with which his advances were received, he hoped to win all the angels to his side, to become equal with God Himself, and to be obeyed by the entire host of heaven. . . . God permitted Satan to carry forward his work until the spirit of disaffection ripened into active revolt. It was necessary for his plans to be fully developed, that their true nature and tendency might be seen by all.”[20]

That is the reason God actually allowed “war in heaven.”

In that “war,” there was no neutral ground. All the angels had to take sides either for or against “the dragon” leaving no question in their minds as to who had taken sides with whom. While the “dragon” “denounced the “loyal angels . . . as deluded slaves”[21] hoping to humiliate and intimidate them, God compelled none of them to decide. It was totally a matter of individual choice.

Verse 8: And prevailed not; neither was their place found any more in heaven.

God had to restrain Himself else the “dragon” and his “angels” would have been completely annihilated in a moment. Even though the loyal angels were greatly in the majority, God could easily have won the victory by Himself. Nevertheless “Michael” allowed “his angels” to fight along with Him “against the dragon” in order to prove their loyalty.

As expected, the “dragon . . . and his angels . . . prevailed not” and no “place” was “found” anywhere else “in heaven,” suggesting they had scoured the universe for another “place in heaven.”

So, what is heaven? In this case, it is anywhere not on earth. Prior to the fall, “earth” would have been part of “heaven” because its inhabitants enjoyed unbroken communion with God and the angels. After the fall, the earth became a planet separated from heaven both physically and spiritually. The “place” Satan and his angels could not find was where any of the inhabitants of all the other places in heaven could be induced to do the same thing Adam and Eve had done to cause the fall of their particular places. In other words, he was evicted from all the other planets in the universes except ours! There may not have been any other place for him to go.

According to verse 4 “the third part of the [angels] of heaven” were “cast . . . to the earth” leaving a “third” of the angelic places vacant. An Old Testament prophecy predicts “it shall come to pass, that in all the land, saith the LORD, two parts therein shall be cut off and die; but the third shall be left therein. And I will bring the third part through the fire, and will refine them as silver is refined, and will thy them as gold is tried: they shall call on my name, and I will hear them: I will say, It is my people: and they shall say, The LORD is my God” (Zechariah 13:8,9). Perhaps they will be the people who will replace the positions left vacant by Satan’s angels.

Verse 9: And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him.

Note the word “old,” the same word used in Revelation 20:2 to describe the age of the “serpent.” Possibly, he was the first angel God created and could be millions if not billions of years old. Whatever the case, he is certainly old enough to know better!

At first glance, one could get the impression, from this verse, that God deliberately selected the “earth” to be His cosmic penal colony. Nothing could be farther from the truth. Note the phrase “cast out” is used three times in this verse; twice for the Devil, and once for his angels, implying that the process of excluding him from heaven was incremental. This verse suggests “he was cast out into the earth” because he deceived the “world” into accepting him while all the others worlds were not deceived and had rejected him.

In vision Mrs. White saw some “others worlds” and viewed “a place that was bright and glorious. . . The inhabitants of the place . . . bore the express image of Jesus, and their countenances beamed with holy joy, expressive of the freedom and happiness of the place. I asked one of them why they were so much more lovely than those on the earth. The reply was—‘we have lived in strict obedience to the commandments of God and have not fallen by disobedience, like those on the earth.’ There I saw two trees, one looked much like the tree of life . . . but of one they could not eat. They had power to eat of both, but were forbidden to eat of one. Then my attending angel said to me—‘none in this place have tasted of the forbidden tree; but if they should eat they would fall.’”[22]

Doubtless,  the dragon tried the same trick on other planets that he used on planet “earth”—multiplied billions of times, perhaps. We were the only ones who chose his leadership and gave him permission to set up camp.

While this verse says he was “cast out,” the next verse says he was “cast down” suggesting there was more to his exclusion from heaven then being merely physically ostracized.

Verse 10: And I heard a loud voice saying in heaven, Now is come salvation, and strength, and the kingdom of our God, and the power of his Christ: for the accuser of our brethren is cast down, which accused them before our God day and night.

This verse sounds very much like that of the “third woe” scenario when “there were great voices in heaven, saying, The kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord, and of his Christ; and he shall reign for ever and ever. . . . because thou hast taken to thee thy great power, and hast reigned” in Revelation 11:15, 17. But, that scene portrays the heavenly inhabitants rejoicing over the fact that Jesus finally steps in to stop the first six trumpet scenario and bring to naught Satan’s control over the wicked at the very end of time.

But, this scene depicts “great rejoicing in the courts of heaven over the casting down of Satan and his host” just after the “man child was caught up to God, and to his throne” (see verse 5) back in 31 A.D. This must have been the time “When Christ passed within the heavenly gates” after His ascension. There, “He was enthroned amidst the adoration of the angels . . . As soon as this ceremony was completed . . . the Redeemer’s inauguration was accomplished”[23] back in 31 A.D.

The “accuser of our brethren” represents a celestial prosecutor in conflict with our “advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous” (1 John 2:1) who can be none other than “that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan” in verse 9. There, he was physically “cast out” of heaven back in prehistoric time. Here he “is cast down” in 31 A.D. after he revealed himself to the angelic hosts as a murderer or the “dragon” of verse 3. Whereas the loyal angels, previous to Christ’s crucifixion had some questions lingering in their minds about Satan’s character, now all doubt is removed. From this point onwards, he lost all sympathy in heaven. His accusations against “our brethren” now ring offensively in the ears of heaven’s loyal inhabitants.

So, as the Commentary observes: “The focus of time is the cross. Well might the inhabitants of heaven rejoice, For Satan’s destruction was now assured. It was certain in the plan of God before, but now heavenly intelligences joined in the song, for they had seen Satan’s malignity against Christ revealed at Calvary.”[24] “The last link of sympathy between Satan and the heavenly world was broken.”[25]

Verse 11: And they overcame him by the blood of the Lamb, and by the word of their testimony; and they loved not their lives unto the death.

The pronoun “they” refers to “the brethren” of verse 10 as well as the “woman” who “fled into the wilderness” in verse 6.

Although the accuser of verse 10 “has an accurate knowledge of the sins which he has tempted them to commit, and he presents these in the most exaggerated light, declaring, ‘Will God banish me and my angels from his presence, and yet reward those who have been guilty of the same sins? Thou canst not do this, O Lord, in justice. Thy throne will not stand in righteousness and judgment. Justice demands that sentence be pronounced against them.'”[26]

But, “they overcame” his accusations by relying completely on “the blood of the Lamb” who took away the “sting of death” (1 Corinthians 15:56) which is the “second death” mentioned in Revelation 2:11; 20:6, 14, 18. With such assurance, men would die rather than disobey God because they had nothing to lose and everything to gain.

All through history, from the time Abel was killed by his brother to the very last moment of probationary time, God has never forgotten “the souls of them that were slain for the word of God, and for the testimony which they held.” Their blood seems to Him to be saying “How long, O Lord . . . dost thou not judged and avenge our blood on them that” yield to the demonic rider of the “red” and “pale” horses” representing Satan who controls those who “received not the love of the truth” of Christ’s atoning “blood” “that they might be saved”? Consequently, “for this cause God shall send them strong delusion, that they should believe a lie: That they all might be damned who believed not the truth, but had pleasure in unrighteousness.”(see 2 Thessalonians 2:9-12)

Verse 12: Therefore rejoice, ye heavens, and ye that dwell in them. Woe to the inhabiters of the earth and of the sea! for the devil is come down unto you, having great wrath, because he knoweth that he hath but a short time.

Much of this verse is quoted in Testimonies for the Church Volume Five page 297 (underlining & italics supplied): “The more we learn in reference to the early days of the Christian church, and see with what subtlety Satan worked to weaken and destroy, the better we shall be prepared to resist his devices and meet coming perils. We are in the time when tribulations such as the world has never yet seen will prevail. ‘Woe to the inhabiters of the earth and of the sea! for the devil is come down unto you, having great wrath, because he knoweth that he hath but a short time.’ But God has set bounds that Satan cannot pass. Our most holy faith is this barrier; and if we build ourselves up in the faith, we shall be safe in the keeping of the Mighty One. ‘Because thou hast kept the word of My patience, I also will keep thee from the hour of temptation, which shall come upon all the world, to try them that dwell upon the earth.'” Note that it is quoted in context with “coming perils” and a paraphrased reference to Daniel 12:1 ending with “the hour of temptation” depicted in Revelation 3:10 all of which refer to the future time of trouble.

The last sentence of this verse is also quoted in the book “The Great Controversy” page 623. It is followed (pp. 623, 624) by these statements: “Fearful are the scenes which call forth this exclamation from the heavenly voice. The wrath of Satan increases as his time grows short, and his work of deceit and destruction will reach its culmination in the time of trouble . . . The spirits of devils will go forth to the kings of the earth and to the whole world, to fasten them in deception, and urge them on to unite with Satan in his last struggle against the government of heaven.”

On the other hand, the Commentary seems to confine this scene to the time “the angels and the inhabitants of other worlds knew Satan was doomed by Christ’s victory at Calvary.”[27] But, the inspired pen suggests this verse bears future significance in that it associates it with Satan’s very “last struggle” during “the time of trouble.”

The word “short” is from the Greek word “oligos” meaning “little, small, few” as compared to the long period of time expressed in verse 6 as “a thousand two hundred and threescore days (“hemera”). Therefore, it appears that the “time, and times and half a time” refers to a literal three and a half years in the future, the same “time, times, and an half” “the man clothed in linen” referred to in Daniel 12:7!

Read this verse again. Note that the “heavens” are exhorted to “rejoice” AND also “ye that dwell in them” suggesting two heavenly parties are being addressed. The “heavens” must be those who dwell there literally, and “ye that dwell in them” must be those who dwell there spiritually” such as we noted in Revelation 11:1 where those who “worship” in “the temple of God, and the altar” which are heavenly, must be worshipping there in the spiritual, rather than the literal, sense.

In contrast, “the inhabiters of the earth” are doomed, as the “woe” pronounced against them suggests. They are those that “dwell on the earth” both spiritually and physically as we saw in Revelation 3:10; 6:10 and 11:10

Now, compare Revelation 12:10 coupled with verse 12 where John “heard a loud voice saying . . .Woe to the inhabiters of the earth . . .” with Revelation 8:13 where John also “heard an angel . . . saying with a loud voice, Woe, woe, woe, to the inhabiters of the earth . . .” Could the “woe” of Revelation 12:12 be a reference to the last three “woes” of Revelation 8:13? Quite possibly, especially in light of the comment quoted in Great Controversy above. It appears, therefore, that the “Woe” of Revelation 12:12 reflects back to the three post probationary “woes” of the fifth, sixth and seventh trumpet scenarios depicted in Revelation 9 and 11:7-13 as well as Revelation 15 and 16.

Many assert that Satan, after the close of probation, has nothing to gain by attempting to overcome the saints,. If this “short time” were post probationary, the exercise of his “great wrath” against them would be futile. But, such an assertion is without foundation. Consider the fact that if just one of the sealed saints were overcome by Satan’s onslaught after the close of probation, Satan would be the winner in the Great Controversy for no sin could be forgiven after Christ has “cast” the “censer  . . . into the earth (Revelation 8:5).” What a terrible thought to consider! Therefore, from Satan’s perspective, he would have far more to gain from his efforts then he would during probationary time when sinners, during their lifetime, always have the option of having their sins forgiven.

Also, consider the fact that even after having a “thousand years” to think over the corrupt course of his life, Satan still goes “out to deceive the nations” (see Revelation 20:8) once more even during post millennial time! What makes us think he will relax his efforts during the post probationary pre millennial time of the trumpets?!

Therefore, Satan recognizing “that he hath but a short time”[28] at this point, makes good sense. Since he is a diligent student of prophecy, and understands that the time between the close of probation and the second coming must be very “short,” his golden opportunity to defeat the plan of salvation holds more promise than ever!

Therefore, he intensifies his efforts to destroy (both physically and spiritually) the dwellers in heaven which would assure his victory. He, having “an accurate knowledge of the sins which he has tempted them to commit” knows “If he could blot them from the earth, his triumph would be complete.” Concurrently, “If the righteous were now left to fall a prey to their enemies, it would be a triumph for the prince of darkness.” But, “Glorious will be the deliverance of  those who have patiently waited for His coming, and whose names are written in the book of life.”[29]

Consequently, Satan is looking forward to this last, desperate struggle to defeat the great plan of Salvation. From his perspective he has every reason to believe he will be successful. Very few, if any of the accused “brethren” (see verse 10) have been even close to being as resilient to his attacks as the Lamb. He sneers at the possibility that the 144,000, let alone the “great multitude” who will receive the seal of the living God, could possibly withstand his assaults after the close of probation. Even to us its seems unlikely such a mass demonstration will succeed in vindicating God’s character. As it is, its God’s word against Satan’s. And God, in the end, always wins!

Verse 13: And when the dragon saw that he was cast unto the earth, he persecuted the woman which brought forth the man child.

This verse, temporarily reflects back, retrospectively from the “short time” depicted in verse 12 to the beginning of the Christian era. Although “child” in this verse is italicized, there is little reason to believe the “man” is not the “child” of verse 5 which is Christ. Also, it seems that the persecution being referred to is that of the “thousand two hundred and threescore days” of verse 6. But, we are still forced to consider the relationship of this verse  to the very “short time” of verse 12.

This verse implies that Satan, for some time, must have been unwilling to recognize he had been ostracized from heaven even though, according to verse 9, he had already been “cast out” by the time he deceived Adam and Eve in the garden of Eden. However, according to the book of Job, it was some time after that he is seen among “the sons of God” when they “came to present themselves before the LORD (Job 1:6).” That  obviously took place in heaven and God had some questions for him. Therefore, it seems God must have allowed Satan limited access into heaven to avoid giving the impression to the loyal angels He was afraid of what Satan might say.

That situation continued, it seems, until Christ was crucified on the cross, proving to the universe that Satan was a murderer which severed the “last link of sympathy”[30] for Satan’s cause that had, up to that point, been entertained by the loyal angels.

We don’t know just how long it took Satan to recognize he was now totally ostracized from heaven and that he could no longer carry his case into the heavenly precincts, but it could not have been very long considering the intensity of persecution suffered by the church at the hands of pagan Rome which began almost immediately after the crucifixion.

Therefore, his persecution of “the woman” must also be inclusive of the “thousand two hundred and threescore days” of verse 6 when Satan took out his frustration on the church during the Dark Ages of history. Nevertheless, his ire has not cooled by any means. Knowing that he has only a much shorter “time” than that of verse 6, he has learned much and has no intention of being defeated in the next great coming climax of history when Jesus will take “the censer,” fill “it with fire of the altar, and cast it into the earth” (Revelation 8:5).

Then, the “four winds” (Revelation 7:1) representing his destructive power, will sweep unopposed throughout the earth bringing “a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation even to that same time” (Daniel 12:1). If only one member of those who have been “sealed in their foreheads” (Revelation 7:4-9) falls during Satan’s subsequent onslaught, the whole plan of salvation will be defeated!

Verse 14: And to the woman were given two wings of a great eagle, that she might fly into the wilderness, into her place, where she is nourished for a time, and times, and half a time, from the face of the serpent.

This verse is very nearly a repeat of verse 6 where the “woman fled”[31] into the wilderness.”[32]  But here she was given “wings” enabling here to “fly”[33] into the wilderness” suggesting far greater haste is necessary to meet the the dragon’s “great wrath that he exercises because he has only a “short time” (see verse 12). This calls to mind that “Great changes are soon to take place in our world, and the final movements will be rapid ones.”[34]

Here in the “wilderness . . . she is nourished” suggesting famine conditions could be plaguing the world at that time. But, “God who cared for Elijah in the time of famine, will not pass by one of his self-sacrificing  children. He that has numbered the hairs of their head, will care for them, and in days of famine they will be satisfied. While the wicked are perishing all around them for want of bread, their bread and water will be sure. Those  who will still cling to their earthly treasure, and will not make a right disposition of that which is lent them of God, will lose their treasure in heaven, lose everlasting life.”[35]

Now we encounter another time prophecy that repeats the frequently mentioned “1260.” It is couched in language very much like the “times, times, and an half” of Daniel 12:7 and the “times and times and the dividing of time” of Daniel 7:25. It is also the same period of time depicted in Revelation 11:2, 3 as “forty and two months” and “a thousand two hundred and threescore days” as well as the “thousand two hundred  and threescore days of verse 6 in this chapter.

While the words “time” in Daniel 7:25 is from the Aramaic “‘iddan,”[36]  and “time” in Daniel 12:7 is from the Hebrew “mow’ed,”[37] the last two words for “time” in this verse are from “kairos,”[38] the same word translated “time” in verse 12 that is specified to be very “short.” Interestingly, the first word for “time,” in this verse, is translated from two words: “ekei”[39] and “kairos” with “ekei” meaning: “there, in, or to that place.

Interestingly, the word “time” is translated seven times from “kairos” in the book of Revelation. Check it out in ch.1:3; 11:18; 12:12; three times in 12:4 and once more in 22:10, all of which refer to the future.

Note in verse 6 that the “woman fled into the wilderness” without specifying exactly why she felt compelled to seek refuge there although we can logically assume it was to escape the ire of the dragon.

In contrast, this verse specifies precisely the reason for her escape. She has to “fly . . . from the face“[40] or the literal presence “of the serpent.” Since, according to verse 12 where the earthly inhabitants are being subjected to the post probationary “woes,” it seems likely that the “woman” will be compelled to escape from either “Wormwood,” the false Christ, “Abaddon,” the Destroyer or both.

Verse 15: And the serpent cast out of his mouth water as a flood after the woman, that he might cause her to be carried away of the flood.

The “serpent” used his “tail” in verse 4 to “cast” the “stars . . . to the earth.” Here he vomits out a “flood” of “water” “out of his mouth” intending to drown the “woman.” This “flood” of “water” is the same figure of speech used in Daniel 9:26 and 11:21, 22 where “the end . . . shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined . . . And with the arms of a flood shall they be overflown from before” “the vile person.”

So, while verse 4 pictures the “dragon” or “serpent” employing cunning and subterfuge, here he appears confrontational with the watery “flood” being symbolic of an overwhelming mass of confusing doctrinal error that stymies thought and chokes out truth and righteousness.

While the “dragon,” in verse 4, used the “fourth beast” of Daniel 7:7 to “devour the child as soon as it was born,” here, and in verse 6 he employs the “little horn” (Daniel 7:8; 8:8) or the “vile person” (Daniel 11:21) to drown opposition with the things coming out of its “mouth.”

Surprisingly, there is a parallel in Revelation. The word “flood” is from the Greek “potamos”[41] the same word translated “river” in Revelation 9:14 and 16:12 where “the river (or ‘flood’) Euphrates” is depicted. According to Revelation 9:14, “four angels” that were “bound” in that “flood” were freed when “the sixth (post probationary trumpet bearing angel) sounded” resulting in the death of  “the third part of men” (Revelation 9:15 18).

From our study, it is clear, at least, that those “men” are not accounted part of God’s true church (symbolized by the “white horse” of Revelation 6:2), but rather come under the “pale horse” figure of Revelation 6:8 whose rider is named “Death.” Even though a significant part of Satan’s host is slain in the battle of the sixth trumpet, we can be sure he intended to engulf the “woman” as well. But, the next verse tells us what will happen.

Verse 16: And the earth helped the woman, and the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed up the flood which the dragon cast out of his mouth.

The parallel to the reassuring message of this verse is found in Revelation 16:12 where after “the sixth (plague bearing) angel poured out his vial upon the great river (or ‘flood’) Euphrates . . . the water thereof was dried up, . . .” near the end of the post probationary “seven last plagues.”

Although the Greek words for “dried up”[42] and “swallowed up”[43] are different, the effect on the “river,” or “flood” is the same. Even though Satan intended to exterminate the “woman” in the same way the “third part of men” were “killed” (Revelation 9:15, 18), God will spare the “woman” represented in Revelation 16 as “the kings of the east” who previously announced the “tidings out of the east” that troubled the “vile person” (Daniel 11:44, 21) or the “two witnesses” in Revelation 11:3-6 who had “power to shut heaven, that it rain not in the days of their prophecy.” Their message  “tormented them that dwelt on the earth (Revelation 11:10)” just as it troubled the “vile person” in Daniel 11:44.

Verse 17: And the dragon was wroth with the woman, and went to make war with the remnant of her seed, which keep the commandments of God, and have the testimony of Jesus Christ.

While the Commentary represents “the earth” in verse 16 as “the North American continent” at “the time of the Reformation” that brought “relief to the persecuted church of the Old World” or as a figure representing “the Protestant Reformation itself as the major factor in breaking the spell of the apostate church” near the end of the historic 1260 (that is A.D. 538-1798), it acknowledges that this “war” represents Satan’s “supreme effort in this direction is still future.”[44]

But the only retrospective feature to history in verses 12 to 17 is found in verse 13 where John briefly glances back to “the woman [when she] brought fourth the man child.” Then, in verse 14 he pictures the “woman” being given “wings” allowing her to escape from the very presence (or “face”) of the “serpent” who attempts to overwhelm her (verses 15, 16) in the same “future” scenario depicted in this verse.

Therefore, in verses 12 to 14, when “the dragon,” realizes the has “but a short time . . . persecuted the woman” forcing her to “fly into the wilderness . . . from the face (or actual presence) of the dragon.” There she will find refuge for “a time, and times, and half a time” or three and a half literal years[45] after which “the great river Euphrates” or “flood” of Satan’s armies will be completely frustrated in their attempt to carry out the universal death decree.[46]

Note that the dragon’s wrath is exercised, not only against them “which keep the commandments of God,” namely the ten precepts of the moral law depicted in Exodus 20, but also against those who “have the testimony of Jesus Christ” which is “The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave unto him, to shew unto his servants things which must shortly come to pass; and he sent and signified it by his angel unto his servant John: who bare record of the word of God, and of the testimony of Jesus Christ, and of all things that he saw.” God’s “servants,” who will have read, heard and kept “those things which are written therein” will receive the blessing promised and be fully aware of their meaning and importance. They will know without question, that, throughout the entire end-stage “time of trouble,” that  “the time” for Christ’s coming “is at hand (Revelation 1:1-3).”

Summary of chapter 12: This chapter is wide ranging in scope from the Christian era, represented by the pregnant “woman” whose “man child” was threatened by the “great red dragon but who “was caught up unto God,” then forward into the Dark age of history when the “woman fled into the wilderness, then back into prehistory where there was “war in heaven, and forward again to the Dark age of the future when the “woman” escapes from the serpent’s “face.” Most fail to recognize the many parallels that exist between this chapter and chapter 11. Two of them are the clothing and foundation of the “woman,” namely the “sun” and “moon” representing the Old and New Testaments, paralleling the “two witness” of chapter 11 which also represent both the Old and the New Testaments. Then we find the same two 1260 time periods of verses 6 and 14 being parallel to the same periods depicted in chapter 11:2,3 with both representing the historic and the future Dark ages. Another surprise is the parallel of verses 12-17 which end with symbols that parallel the final events of the seven last plagues when the “earth . . . swallowed up the flood” that the “serpent” vomits “out of his mouth.” That happens when the sixth plague bearing angel pours out his vial drying up “the great river Euphrates,” part of the same plague scenario depicted at the end of chapter 11.


[1] “wonder” translated from “semeion” (Strong’s #4592) “a sign, miracle, wonder, token.” Another nuance of meaning: “an unusual occurence, transcending the common course of nature.

[2] SDA Bible Commentary Vol.7, page 807 (right column)

[3] “crown” from “stephanos” (Strong’s #4735) “a mark of royal or exalted rank; the wrath or garland which was given as a prize to victors in public games” which seems to be the application here. Note: it is the same “crown” worn by the rider of the “white horse” of Revelation 6:2.

[4] SDA Bible Commentary Vol.7, page 807 (right column under “Twelves stars.”)

[5] Evangelism page 579 (italics supplied)

[6] Patriarchs and Prophets page 37

[7] SDA Bible Commentary Vol.7, page 807 (right column under “Red dragon.)

[8] The word “crowns” here is from “diadhma” (Strong’s #1238) which is “a blue band marked with white which Persian kings used to bind on the turban or tiara” or “the kingly ornament for the head.” This is in contrast to the “crown” of verse 1 which is a “stephanos” or wreath of victory.

[9] Note in SDA Bible Commentary Vol.7, page 808 presents two views of “The third part.”

[10] “Satan is a diligent Bible student. He knows that his time is short, and he seeks at every point to counterwork the work of the Lord upon this earth.” (Testimonies for the Church Vol.9, page 16)

[11] “bruise” from “shuwph” (Strong’s #7779) meaning “bruise, break, cover, crush, gape upon, desire?, seize?, strike out?, to fall upon, bruise

[12] Desire of Ages page 44 (italics supplied)

[13] “rod” from “shebet (Strong’s#7626), is a mark of authority and “iron (from “barzel” [Strong’s #1270]) suggests harshness, strength, even oppression.

[14] 538 A.D. – 31 A.D. = 507 years

[15] “But the chief agent of Satan in making war upon Christ and his people during the first centuries of the Christian era, was the Roman Empire, in which paganism was the prevailing religion. Thus while the dragon, primarily, represents Satan, it is, in a secondary sense, a symbol of pagan Rome.” (The Great Controversy page 438)

[16] “The fires of persecution were kindled. Christians were stripped of their possession, and driven from their homes. . . .These persecutions, beginning under Nero about the time of the martyrdom of Paul, continued with greater or less fury for centuries. . . . The catacombs afforded shelter for thousands . . . In these underground retreats, the followers of Christ buried their dead; and here also, when suspected and proscribed, they found a home.”

But, “Under the fiercest persecution, these witnesses for Jesus kept their faith unsullied. Though deprived of every comfort, shut away from the light of the sun, making their home in the dark but friendly bosom of the earth, they uttered no complaint. . . . In vain were Satan’s efforts to destroy the church of Christ by violence . . . By defeat they conquered. God’s workmen were slain, but His work went steadily forward. The gospel continued to spread, and the number of its adherents to increase. . . Said a Christian, expostulating with the heathen rulers who were urging forward the persecution; You may ‘kill us, torture us, condemn us. . . . Your injustice is the proof that we are innocent. . . . Nor does your cruelty . . . avail you.’ It was but a stronger invitation to bring others to their persuasion. ‘The oftener we are mown down by you, the more in number we grow; the blood of Christians is seed.’” (Selected portions from The Great Controversy pages 39-43 Chapter titled: “Persecutions of the First Centuries”)

[17] Satan, recognizing the futility of this crude method of oppression, “now endeavored to gain by artifice what he had failed to secure by force. Persecution ceased, and in its stead were substituted the dangerous allurements of temporal prosperity and worldly honor. Idolaters were led to receive a part of the Christian faith, while they rejected other essential truths. They professed to accept Jesus as the Son of God, and to believe in his death and resurrection; but they had no conviction of sin, and felt no need of repentance or of a change of heart. With some concessions on their part, they proposed that Christians should make concessions, that all might unite on the platform of belief in Christ. . . . Under a cloak of pretended Christianity, Satan was insinuating himself into the church, to corrupt their faith, and turn their minds from the Word of truth. . . .  Although the worshipers of idols professed to be converted, and united with the church, they still clung to their idolatry, only changing the objects of their worship to images of Jesus, and even of Mary and the saints.” (The Great Controversy page 42)

[18] If this is confusing, check out Daniel 9:27 where “in the midst of the week” Jesus would “cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease” referring to His crucifixion. That divides the seven years into two 3 1/2 years or two “1260’s.

[19] “Revelation is a sealed book, but it is also an opened book. It records marvelous events that are to take place in the last days of this earth’s history. The teachings of this book are definite, not mystical and unintelligible. In it the same line of prophecy is taken up as in Daniel. Some prophecies God has repeated, thus showing that importance must be given to them. The Lord does not repeat things that are of no great consequence.” (Manuscript Releases Vol.9, page 7, 8; also Vol. 8, page 413) Obviously, this must pertain to the frequently mentioned 1260 time periods of both Daniel and Revelation.

[20] Patriarchs and Prophets pages 39-41 (ellipses and italics supplied)

[21] Ibid page 40

[22] Review and Herald 8-1-49; Early Writings page 39

[23] From a portion of a statement in Acts of the Apostles pages 38, 39. Here is the entire stateement: “Christ’s ascension to heaven was the signal that His followers were to receive the promised blessing.  For this they were to wait before they entered upon their work. When Christ passed within the heavenly gates, He was enthroned amidst the adoration of the angels. As soon as this ceremony was completed, the Holy Spirit descended upon the disciples in rich currents, and Christ was indeed glorified, even  with the glory which He had with the Father from all eternity. The Pentecostal outpouring was Heaven’s communication that the Redeemer’s inauguration was accomplished.”

[24] SDA Bible Commentary Vol.7, page 810 (right column under “Now is come.”)

[25] Desire of Ages page 758

[26] The Great Controversy page 618

[27] SDA Bible Commentary Vol.7, page 811 (left column under “12. Rejoice, ye heavens.”)

[28] “short time” from “oligos” (Strong’s #3641) meaning: “puny, somewhat, almost, brief, few, little, short, small” etc. and “kairos” (Strong’s #2540) meaning: “an occasion, set or proper time; always, opportunity, season, short while, a while” etc. Note the commentary’s lengthy note on “Short.” in Vol.7, pages 811 and 812 suggesting the difficulty it faces in defending the historic application of the “short time” as being the period between “the crucifixion of Christ to the end of Satan’s tyranny over the inhabitants of the earth” nearly 2000 years and possibly longer! An untenable position, I believe.

[29] The Great Controversy pages 618 and 634. Also, check out this statement on page 623 that  associates verse 12 with the future “time of trouble”: “The apostle John in vision heard a loud voice in Heaven exclaiming, ‘Woe to the inhabiters of the earth and of the sea! for the devil is come down unto you, having great wrath, because he knoweth that he hath but a short time.'[REV. 12:12.] Fearful are the scenes which call forth this exclamation from the heavenly voice. The wrath of Satan increases as his time grows short, and his work of deceit and destruction will reach its culmination in the time of trouble.”

[30] Desire of Ages page 761

[31] “fled” from: “pheugo” (Strong’s #5343) “flee, escape, flee away”

[32] The Commentary (see 7BC 812 under “14. Two wings.), except for commenting on the “two wings, has little to say about this verse referring the reader to “v.6” for its comment suggesting that it considers verse 14 to be a duplicate of verse 6.

[33] “fly” from: “petomai” (Strong’s #4072) “to fly”

[34] Testimonies for the church Vol.9, page 11

[35] Review and Herald 11-276-57

[36] “time” from “‘iddan” (Aramaic) (Strong’s #5732) meaning: “time (of duration); year”

[37] “time” from “mow’ed” (Strong’s #4150) “appointed place, appointed time, meeting, sacred season, set feast, appointed season

[38] “time” from “kairos” (Strong’s #2540) “season, opportunity, due time, always, due measure, a fixed and definite time, the time when things are brought to a crisis, opportune or seasonable time.” Note the similarity of the meaning of “ekei kairos” to “mow’ed” of Daniel 12:7.

[39] “ekei” (Strong’s #1563) “there, in, or to that place.”

[40] “face” from “prosopon” (Strong’s #4383) also “person, presence, countenance.”

[41] “flood” from “potamos” (Strong’s #42115) “a stream, a river, a torrent”

[42] “swallowed up” from “katapino” (Strong’s #2666) “to devour, destroy)

[43] “dried up” from “xeriano” (Strong’s #3583) “make dry, dry up, wither”

[44] see SDA Bible Commentary Vol.7, page 812 (under “16. Earth helped the woman.” and “17. Was wroth.”) See also The Great Controversy page 592. On page 623 Mrs. White also attributes verse 12 to the future, but says nothing about verses 13 to 16.

[45] Remember, this is 3 1/2 years of “indefinite time,” that is, it is impossible to determine prospectively when it will begin. After it has begun, we will be able to determine when it will end retrospectively, but not until after the close of probation. Consequently, “time” will never again be a “test,” never made a point of proclamation, and prophecy will never again be “hung on time.” This is why the term “definite time” is used repeatedly in the Spirit of Prophecy. The last “definite time” message was that of the Millerate movement which ended October 22, 1844.

[46] See Prophets and Kings page 512; also Great Controversy page 615